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Considerations -- Resolution vs compression     jpeg (basic, normal, best) or raw
How will it be used -- Ebay     photo on wall     image quality vs # of photos
Format card to prevent corrupted photos and set number sequence
Menu for shooting-- Camera sensitivity or ISO – lower is better (less noise), but for greater flash distance or rapid movement then higher is better.
White balance use auto unless there is more than one type of light. Hold white paper next to the subject and use custom white balance.
Focus     Exposure Compensation     Bracketing
Anti-shake – turn it off if you use a tripod
Menu for playback--Histogram should go all the way from left black to right white.
Use gray card for middle values esp. snow or dark scene.
Important trip take 2 cameras and practice with a new camera before traveling
Camera—keep the lens covered—store camera without batteries—clean lens with a clean microfiber cloth (from a plastic bag) or use air without solvents. Do not use eyeglass cleaner! In rain or snow cover the camera with a plastic bag. If the camera gets wet remove the batteries and card and leave it open to dry out. Cold to warm temperature may cause fogging so bag the camera before going into a warm place and let it warm up slowly.
Always have extra batteries in a plastic bag. NiMH or nickel metal hydride batteries work well. Keep at room or your body temperature.
Use the viewfinder instead of LCD to save the batteries, except when doing close ups. Using the grid (from menu) lines in the viewfinder for straight horizons and to prevent cut off heads.
Screen will probably show battery level and need for a flash.
I for information or DISP for display—hit several times to get different information—monitor brightness
WYSIWYG or What You See Is What You Get---not so--check picture on screen
Shooting—Keep elbows in or stabilize against a solid object. Shutter release ½ way down to lock focus. Use a monopod or tripod when shooting at speeds below lens length if you are not using image stabilization. Horizon should be level. Breathe out and take the photo or use a self-timer. Change ISO.
1. Look around the scene for trash, poles, etc. Find the best angle and height. 2. Leave a little extra space around subject when shooting--one step back. 3. Weather, time of day and angle of the light. Sunset look forward and back. 4. Angle of the light. People--portrait style, reflectors. Watch background. 5. People in shadow. Fill flash or handkerchief over flash. 6. Sun on the lens -- block with hand or hat. 7. Close up and distortion. 8. Highlights and shadows. Might have to combine 2 or more pictures. 9. Panorama 10. Panning -- High speed and/or blur. Angle. 1/60 sec. Swing using hips not arms. 11. Rule of Thirds, Diagonal Rule, Golden mean, S shape, spiral. Avoiding mergers.
1. Auto. Start with this setting. Red means exposure beyond the camera’s ability 2. Portrait (head and shoulders) - makes a fuzzy background. Use a slight telephoto. Vertical. 12’ 3. Sports or Action (runner) continuous auto focus 4. Landscape (mountains) everything is in focus 5. Sunset (half circle with dashes above) warming effect. Read camera manual about having the sun in the picture. 6. Night (star) use a tripod or picture will be blurry since the shutter stays open for a few seconds after a flash is used to capture the foreground. Self timer. 7. AV for aperture value – high number for everything in focus (landscape); low value creates blur around the sharp object (portrait) 8. TV (time value) or S for Shutter priority or Speed—waterfalls 9. Movie Mode (movie camera) lets your record MPEG’s good enough for email 10. Close up or Macro mode (tulip) – for close focus 11. M for Manual—you set the speed, aperture, ISO… using the buttons in the circle. P or program camera sets the speed and aperture which you can modify. 12. Trash can-to delete photos 13. Lock (key) so photos cannot be deleted 14. Information (I) – histogram, speed, aperture 15. Exposure compensation (+/-) for high contrast scenes 16. (triangle pointing right in a rectangle) switches from recording to playbackExposure Compensation in Program, Aperture, and S modes. It is used to lighten (+) or darken (-) the image. This may become the default. Used for very bright or dark situations.
Snow requires lowering the speed and/or lowering the aperture number (f-stop) by a factor of two.
Shutter release—go half way down for focus lock and then move the camera.
Stabilization – turn off when panning and use TV (S) shutter priority.
You go from wide angle (w) to telephoto (t)—optical and then digital zoom. Instead of digital zoom use a computer after the picture is taken.
Focus—diopter adjustment if you wear glasses
To buy or learn about how to use a digital camera
for more about camera use.
Good discussion of composition.
for photo critiques; some good, some not.
Photo hosting and Scrapbooks – set up a separate email address
Printing—kiosk and drug store (RGB), your computer (paper) + ink with a drying time of 24 hours. Glossy for shiny things, luster or semi-gloss, matt.
Programs: Picasa (free), Photoshop Elements (<$80); Corel Paint Shop Pro X
Care of prints
Focus Exposure Lighting Distance Compositon Appeal or "Wow" factorThings to do: